Isikveren, Turkey.April 14, 1991..A medic from Medecins Sans Frontiers - MSF (Doctors without Borders) pronounces a child dead in front of his mother in a makeshift  medical tent inside the Kurdish refugee camp. Many of children in the camp suffered from dehydration. The mountain top Kurdish refugee camp became home to an estimated 300,000 refugees when they fled Saddam Hussein's post Gulf war persecution...In the wake of the 1991 Persian Gulf War rebellions in Southern and Northern Iraq occurred. The uprising in the Kurdish areas of Northern broke out in March, sparked by demoralized Iraqi Army troops returning from it's defeat against United States lead coalition forces in southern Iraq and Kuwait. Although the uprsing presented a threat to Iraqi President Saddam Hussein?s regime, his Iraqi Republican Guard suppressed the rebellion with massive force, as the expected US intervention never materialized. ..The faltering rebellion fueled a terrified mass exodus. The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees called it the largest in its 40?year history. During March and early April, nearly two million of Iraqis escaped from strife-torn cities to the mountains along the northern borders and into Turkey and Iran. Their exodus was sudden and chaotic, with thousands fleeing on foot, on donkeys, or crammed onto open-backed trucks and tractors. Thousands, many of them children, died or suffered injury along the way, primarily from adverse weather, unhygienic conditions and insufficient food and medical care. Some were killed by army helicopters, which deliberately strafed columns of fleeing civilians. Others were injured when they stepped on land mines planted by Iraqi troops near the Iran border during the war. Greenpeace has estimated that at one point in 1991, an estimated 2,000 Kurds were dying every day...

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Kurdish Refugees 1991
Isikveren, Turkey.April 14, 1991..A medic from Medecins Sans Frontiers - MSF (Doctors without Borders) pronounces a child dead in front of his mother in a makeshift medical tent inside the Kurdish refugee camp. Many of children in the camp suffered from dehydration. The mountain top Kurdish refugee camp became home to an estimated 300,000 refugees when they fled Saddam Hussein's post Gulf war persecution...In the wake of the 1991 Persian Gulf War rebellions in Southern and Northern Iraq occurred. The uprising in the Kurdish areas of Northern broke out in March, sparked by demoralized Iraqi Army troops returning from it's defeat against United States lead coalition forces in southern Iraq and Kuwait. Although the uprsing presented a threat to Iraqi President Saddam Hussein?s regime, his Iraqi Republican Guard suppressed the rebellion with massive force, as the expected US intervention never materialized. ..The faltering rebellion fueled a terrified mass exodus. The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees called it the largest in its 40?year history. During March and early April, nearly two million of Iraqis escaped from strife-torn cities to the mountains along the northern borders and into Turkey and Iran. Their exodus was sudden and chaotic, with thousands fleeing on foot, on donkeys, or crammed onto open-backed trucks and tractors. Thousands, many of them children, died or suffered injury along the way, primarily from adverse weather, unhygienic conditions and insufficient food and medical care. Some were killed by army helicopters, which deliberately strafed columns of fleeing civilians. Others were injured when they stepped on land mines planted by Iraqi troops near the Iran border during the war. Greenpeace has estimated that at one point in 1991, an estimated 2,000 Kurds were dying every day...

Filename: Kurdistan_1991_04.jpg
Photographer: ARCHIVE ANTHONY SUAU
Source: Anthony Suau
Date 14 Apr 1991
Location: Isikveren Turkey
Credit: Anthony Suau © 1991
Copyright: Anthony Suau 1991
Model Release: No
Property Release: No
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Keywords:
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