« back to gallery
« »
Isikveren, Turkey.April 15, 1991..Kurdish refugees are moved to smaller camps after passing through Turkish soldiers. They are moving a mountain top camp that housed an estimated  300,000 refugees that fled Iraqi's and Saddam Hussein's post Gulf war persecution...In the wake of the 1991 Persian Gulf War rebellions in Southern and Northern Iraq occurred. The uprising in the Kurdish areas of Northern Iraq broke out in March, sparked by demoralized Iraqi Army troops returning from it's defeat against United States lead coalition forces in southern Iraq and Kuwait. Although they presented a threat to Iraqi President Saddam Hussein?s regime, his Iraqi Republican Guard suppressed the rebellion with massive force, as the expected US intervention never materialized. ..The faltering rebellion fueled a terrified mass exodus. The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees called it the largest in its 40?year history. During March and early April, nearly two million of Iraqis escaped from strife-torn cities to the mountains along the northern borders and into Turkey and Iran. Their exodus was sudden and chaotic, with thousands fleeing on foot, on donkeys, or crammed onto open-backed trucks and tractors. Thousands, many of them children, died or suffered injury along the way, primarily from adverse weather, unhygienic conditions and insufficient food and medical care. Some were killed by army helicopters, which deliberately strafed columns of fleeing civilians. Others were injured when they stepped on land mines planted by Iraqi troops near the Iran border during the war. Greenpeace has estimated that at one point in 1991, an estimated 2,000 Kurds were dying every day..

Details

Kurdish Refugees 1991

Isikveren, Turkey.April 15, 1991..Kurdish refugees are moved to smaller camps after passing through Turkish soldiers. They are moving a mountain top camp that housed an estimated 300,000 refugees that fled Iraqi's and Saddam Hussein's post Gulf war persecution...In the wake of the 1991 Persian Gulf War rebellions in Southern and Northern Iraq occurred. The uprising in the Kurdish areas of Northern Iraq broke out in March, sparked by demoralized Iraqi Army troops returning from it's defeat...
more »

Filename: Kurdistan_1991_13.jpg
From gallery: Kurdistan Crisis 1993
Photographer: ARCHIVE ANTHONY SUAU
Source: Anthony Suau
Date 15 Apr 1991
Location: Isikveren Turkey
Credit: Anthony Suau © 1991
Copyright: Anthony Suau 1991
Model Release: No
Property Release: No
Restrictions: Minimum usage fee: 250 Euro or $300 US ..Newsweek out, US News and World Report out
Direct Link:
Keywords:
  • Isikveren
  • Anthony Suau
  • 1991
  • Persian Gulf War
  • rebellion
  • Iraq
  • uprising
  • Kurdish
  • March
  • demoralized
  • Iraqi Army
  • troops
  • United States
  • coalition
  • Kuwait
  • Iraqi
  • President
  • Saddam Hussein
  • regime
  • Republican Guard
  • suppressed
  • force
  • intervention
  • exodus
  • U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees
  • April 15
  • strife-torn
  • mountains northern borders
  • Turkey
  • Iran
  • chaotic
  • children
  • died
  • suffered
  • unhygienic
  • insufficient food
  • medical care
  • killed
  • helicopters
  • strafed
  • fleeing
  • civilians
  • war
  • Greenpeace
  • dying
  • refugee
  • camp
  • persecution
  • moved
  • Turkish soldier
  • checked

Only search this gallery